1 BORDER SECURITY
Border Patrol Staffing Increase
Provides an additional US$647.8 million for 3,000 Border Patrol agents and associated costs, directly supporting the strategic goal to increase and extend control of the borders between the ports of entry. Included in this amount are funding for agents and support staff, relocations, and training. A portion of this funding, US$28 million, will provide for 151 pilots, air crew, and specialists to support the increase in operations at primary and satellite air sites.
Border Patrol Facilities
Provides an additional US$100 million for construction of new facilities or the expansion of existing facilities to accommodate the additional Border Patrol staffing increases. Current facilities are at, or close to, capacity. Without further investment, CBP will not be able to adequately sustain Border Patrol personnel and operations.
SBInet is the component of SBI charged with developing and installing the technology and tactical infrastructure solution for effective control of the border. The initial focus of SBInet will be on the Southwest land border investments and between the ports of entry where there are serious vulnerabilities to border security. The US$1 billion requested in FY2008 provide for the completion of 370 cumulative miles of fence (using existing and new FY08 funds) and allow CBP to begin to install the required tactical infrastructure for lighting, roads and land clearing, vehicle barrier systems and other enforcement support systems. The funds also support some procurement of surveillance technology which includes mobile and fixed towers, and unattended ground sensors and the ongoing upgrades to command and control systems. Additionally, funds will be used to support the ongoing command and control upgrades in the form of fixed and mobile command and control systems which contribute to the border common operating picture.
2 AIR AND MARINE OPERATIONS
Air and Marine Facilities
Provides US$30 million for the expansion of CBP Air and Marine facility infrastructure. Administrative facilities, as well as hangars along the Southwest Border, require improvements, additions or replacements to adequately protect the aviation fleet. This request is based on the integrated CBP Air and Marine strategic/modernization plan, the infrastructure requirements, and the time needed for new construction.
Air and Marine Fleet Upgrades
Provides US$4.6 million to upgrade CBP Air and Marines fleet avionics for aircraft to bring them up to current standards. Sensors and mission systems lose their effectiveness and become more expensive to support as they advance in age. New avionics and sensor systems retrofitted in existing aircraft are the key to continue border security aviation support.
National Support of Air Assets
Provides an additional US$36.7 million to maintain an operational readiness rate of 80 percent or greater for the 267 aircraft fleet. This enhancement will ensure that aircraft will be available to meet mission needs to better protect U.S. borders against acts of terrorism, smuggling of illegal drugs and other illegal activities. Funding will support CBPs ability to maintain required flight hours along the border, continue the P-3 Consolidated Inspection Program, and incorporate new maintenance practices to control costs and safely improve availability.
3 AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION
Treasury Enforcement Communication System (TECS)
Provides US$25 million to enhance CBPs mission capabilities by developing and deploying a modernized replacement for TECS. FY 2008 will be the first year of a multi-year plan to modernize this system. TECS plays an essential role in the screening of travelers entering the U.S. and in supporting the screening requirements of other federal agencies.
4 WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION (WMD) DETECTION STAFFING
Provides an additional US$6 million for 55 additional CBP Officers to deploy and perform the subsequent operation of Radiation Portal Monitors (RPMs) funded in FY 2007 through the Domestic Nuclear Detection Offices WMD procurement program. Funding will ensure CBP will have a cadre of highly trained personnel to resolve alarms from RPMs and to conduct radiological examinations of incoming containers at Americas busiest seaports.
5 CONDUCCT AND INTEGRITY OVERSIGHT
Recognizing CBPs unequivocal commitment to the integrity of its workforce, the budget provides US$10 million for 50 investigators and 8 support positions to address Internal Affairs staffing needs. The positions enhance a permanent, full-time group of investigators that is responsible for investigating all serious non-criminal misconduct allegations and lesser administrative violations involving CBP employees, as well as criminal allegations not related to corruption. CBPs program complements ICEs Office of Professional Responsibility, which investigates criminal conduct allegations.
6 PORT SECURITY
Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI)
Provides for US$252.5 million to support the implementation of WHTI, which requires travelers to present a passport or equivalent documentation when entering the U.S. Resources would support WHTI implementation at 225 inbound lanes at ports of entry, which covers 68 percent of land border arrivals, an additional 205 CBP officers, and equipment and contract services. This investment will create a more effective process for validating identity and citizenship at the time of border crossing and will avoid the intensive and intrusive inspection process that would result from meeting WHTI requirements without this technology. The investment also will improve operational effectiveness at the land border ports by providing improved passenger information to the CBP primary inspection officer.
Secure Freight Initiative (SFI)
Provides US$15 million to hire nine CBP Officers and eight support positions, and to acquire and deploy equipment and technology in support of the CBP SFI. This initiative builds on the operational pillars of CBPs Container Security Initiative (CSI) and the Department of Energy Mega ports initiative to maximize radiological and nuclear screening of U.S. bound containers in foreign ports of departure.